A Comprehensive Overview of U.S. AI Laws State By State

Created on 20 June, 2024Data • 1,160 views • 3 minutes read

Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly transforming industries and societies across the globe. In the United States, the legal landscape surrounding AI is evolving to address the ethical, legal, and societal implications of this transformative technology. A recent comprehensive study compiled by Kosha Doshi at EU Digital Partners provides a detailed look at the AI laws across various states, highlighting the diverse approaches taken to regulate AI technologies.

Understanding the Scope and Purpose of AI Regulations

AI technologies, while offering significant benefits, also pose unique challenges, particularly in terms of privacy, bias, and transparency. The U.S. AI laws document offers a state-by-state analysis, showcasing how different states are responding to these challenges. The regulations focus on various aspects, including data privacy, employment, consumer protection, and the ethical use of AI.

Key Legislative Highlights

California

  • AB2013: This proposed legislation mandates that by January 1, 2026, developers of AI systems must publish documentation detailing the data used to train these systems. This move aims to enhance transparency and accountability.
  • SB970: Introduced to ensure consumers are aware of the potential misuse of AI technology in generating synthetic media, this bill requires clear warnings about the legal ramifications of such misuse.

New York

  • Local Law 144: Enacted in December 2021, this pioneering law requires bias audits for AI tools used in employment decisions, ensuring these tools do not perpetuate discrimination.
  • S7735: This proposed law focuses on transparency and fairness in housing, requiring landlords to conduct impact analyses if they use automated decision tools.

Ohio

  • SB217: Introduced regulations for AI-generated products, including mandatory watermarks on AI-generated media and prohibiting the creation of simulated child pornography.

Washington

  • SB5643 and HB1616: Known as the People’s Privacy Act, these bills aim to restrict AI-enabled profiling in public spaces and in decisions affecting essential services such as housing, financial services, and healthcare.
  • SB6299: This bill seeks to make it mandatory for employers to disclose their use of AI in employment decisions, promoting transparency and informed consent.

Massachusetts

  • HD4788: The Artificial Intelligence Disclosure Act mandates clear disclosures for AI-generated content, ensuring consumers are aware of AI involvement.
  • H. 83: Proposes the Massachusetts Data Privacy Protection Act, focusing on the responsible use of automated decision-making technologies and requiring impact assessments.

Oklahoma

  • HB 3453: Known as the Oklahoma Artificial Intelligence Bill of Rights, this bill provides residents with rights related to AI interactions, such as the right to transparency and to opt-out.
  • HB 3577: The Artificial Intelligence Utilization Review Act mandates health insurers to disclose and submit their AI algorithms for review.

Illinois

  • Illinois AI Video Interview Act: Enacted in 2019, this law regulates the use of AI in hiring processes, requiring employers to notify and obtain consent from applicants before using AI assessments.

Vermont

  • H710: Proposes comprehensive requirements for developers and deployers of high-risk AI systems, focusing on preventing algorithmic discrimination and ensuring detailed risk assessments.

Florida

  • SB 850: Aims to regulate political advertising by requiring disclaimers on AI-generated content to prevent deceptive practices.

Connecticut

  • Connecticut Privacy Act: Effective from July 1, 2023, this act grants consumers the right to opt-out of profiling used for significant automated decision-making.

The Road Ahead: Challenges and Opportunities

The document compiled by EU Digital Partners underscores the fragmented yet proactive approach taken by various states in the U.S. to regulate AI technologies. While these laws mark significant progress in addressing the ethical and legal challenges posed by AI, they also highlight the need for a more unified national framework to ensure consistency and comprehensive protection across all states.

As AI continues to evolve, so too will the legal landscape. Policymakers, developers, and stakeholders must collaborate to create robust, ethical, and fair AI systems that benefit society while mitigating risks. The insights provided in this study serve as a crucial resource for understanding the current state of AI legislation and guiding future regulatory efforts.

You can download the full document on https://acalytica.com/the-us-ai-laws